In my last two blogs, On the Tale of the Tidwells: Reading Between the Lines and On the Tale of the Tidwells: Nothing to Bragg about I research to discover if my Tidwell family is related to the Bragg family who always lived in close proximity, and if so, then how? After posing the following speculation:
We last discovered Agnes (LNU) Faulkner born 1820 who was married to William Faulkner in the 1870 census, of Clay Bradley and who lived in the household of my great great grandfather Andrew Tidwell could not have been the daughter of Sterling Bragg born 1810, whether she was even a Bragg at all remains to be discovered. A Tidwell did marry a Bragg though it turns out his name was Alfred Tidwell born 1834, who married America Bragg born 1830 they married 19 Mar 1868, which begged the question, "Who was Alfred Tidwell?"
A search of Alfred Tidwell turns up this U.S. Civil War pension index filed in 1897 by his minor son Joseph E. Tidwell born 1859 in Clay Bradley Arkansas. It appears Alfred Tidwell died in 1882 while Joseph E. Tidwell his son was just twenty-two years of age. So yeah, if you are doing the math you have already figured out the obvious. Joseph E. was born prior to his parents union:
|U.S. civil war Pension Index:General Index to Pension Files 1861-1934 Ancestry.com|
If you have an ancestor who served in the Civil War and you have found his index card like the one displayed above, utilizing his application number, the date filed, and the name of the person who filed it, you may send for the documents that correspond to that file through NARA eservices.archives.gov What I discovered is that Alfred Tidwell had been a soldier rank of private in Co. K 57 Regiment U.S.C.T. Infantry between 1 Mar 1864 and 13 Dec 1866. He was thirty years of age when he entered the service, these dates do correspond to his marriage certificate to America Bragg.
|NARA The National Archives|
This first page says that Joseph E. Tidwell a child of AlfredTidwell Company K 57 US Colored Infantry made a claim for pension on 5 June 1897 it was filed 17 May 1897 by Attorney Jno S Duffie. This reads:
June 19- 97 A.G. called forward (illegible)
June 24- 97 Atty. Duffie for marriage of mother to soldier, prior marriage of either, death or
remarriage of mother or father; birth of children under 16 at soldier's death any other living.
children under 16 " " " cue -4 7 8 (3- 9 illegible) date & cause of soldier's death, treat in service continuance
incurrence of fatal disease or injury in service, prior or sub-service & per description by persons who know soldier --G.W. May 26-98 Atty. Duffie client stated his mother is America Bragg affiant Geo. Tidwell says Sally Colen Expla. and proof of death and remarry of widow America Tidwell G.W.
Nov. 28/98 Atty Duffie Case will or acted (?) CMB
On in its turn testified Dupry Dec 8-98 client thro Hou S. Little married prior Re & died(?) Births any other unions, should be named, living Orig/creat
Did serv. continue 'til death client history of death.
What I gained from this is that the Attorney's were required to perform a thorough background check, and had to prove that the soldier's beneficiary was actually qualified to receive benefits, prior to approval of an applicant his right to receive the pension, and also that Alfred Tidwell had a first wife named Salley Colen (Kolen). I wrote about the Kolen family in a previous blog post you can read here: All Be Free! Ewell et al vs Tidwell
This court case had caused me to question the identity of the Eveline listed here one of the former slaves, of John Koen. Was she my great great grandmother Evaline who married Andrew J. Tidwell or was she possibly her mother? This has yet to be resolved:
|Reports of Cases at Law and in Equity Argued and Determined in the Supreme Court of Arkansas: Google Books|
My cousin Kelly has learned that almost immediately after the death of Eli J Tidwell and the death of James T. Bragg, their former slaves were rigorously hired out and shuffled from State to State, by the Attorney's who executed their estates, more on this later. In my previous blog, I described how the slaves of James T. Bragg were parceled out and sold after his demise but were reunited once the Civil War ended as evidenced by the 1870 census record. This is an estate record, which shows that James T. Bragg's inventory included more than just the few slaves mentioned by Dena, on the posting on Afrigeneas Slave Research Forum Archives.
|James T. Bragg Estate Family Search.org (courtesy of Kelly Shea)|
I will transcribe this in my next blog, but now I want to call attention to the names of the slaves mentioned here and how the names correspond when compared to the 1870 Census of Clay Bradley Arkansas, it reads:
appraisement of slaves:
- Jerry $250
- Sterling $800
- Sally $500
- Sol $1400
- Marion $1500 (He is listed in 1880 census)
- John $1200
- Ruth $1200
- Moses $500
- John $250
- Marzee $1000 (she married Ellis Marks both are listed in the household of Andrew J Tidwell in 1870)
- Marica $1200 (married Alfred Tidwell born 1834)
- Evaline $1000 (listed as the wife of Andrew Tidwell and my great great grandmother)
- Augusta $900
- Amanda $550
- Tennessee $600
- Sarah $400
|1870 Census of Clay Bradley Arkansas Ancestry.com|
This for me is confirmation of a relationship, this confirms that Evaline my great great grandmother who married Andrew Jackson Tidwell was indeed 'nee' Bragg prior to marriage, and the daughter of Sterling Tidwell born 1810, and Sallie 1815, the sister of Marzee who lived in her home in 1870, the sister of America who married Alfred Tidwell, whose identity I am still seeking, and the sister of Augusta Bragg who married Bill Cox, and the sister of Marian Bragg who married Josephine.